 # How Do IP Subnets Work?

## What does IP not in subnet range?

In general terms, this means a certain IP address doesn’t belong to the block of IP’s defined by the subnet mask for an arbitrary subnet.

As an example: subnet 1: 192.168.1.0 /25.

subnet 2: 192.168.1.64 /25..

## How is subnetting done in networking?

The address is made up of 32 binary bits, which can be divisible into a network portion and host portion with the help of a subnet mask. The 32 binary bits are broken into four octets (1 octet = 8 bits). Each octet is converted to decimal and separated by a period (dot).

## What is IP subnet?

A subnetwork or subnet is a logical subdivision of an IP network. The practice of dividing a network into two or more networks is called subnetting. Computers that belong to a subnet are addressed with an identical most-significant bit-group in their IP addresses.

## What are the 4 parts of an IP address?

IPv4 addresses are usually represented in dot-decimal notation, consisting of four decimal numbers, each ranging from 0 to 255, separated by dots, e.g., 172.16. 254.1. Each part represents a group of 8 bits (an octet) of the address.

## Why is subnet mask used?

A subnet mask is used to divide an IP address into two parts. One part identifies the host (computer), the other part identifies the network to which it belongs. To better understand how IP addresses and subnet masks work, look at an IP (Internet Protocol) address and see how it is organized.

## What is a 16 subnet?

The last three octets of a Class A subnet mask are used to address hosts on a LAN; the 24 bits you can manipulate however you wish. … It saves you from typing, or pronouncing, the whole mask. For example, /8 means 255.0. 0.0, /16 is 255.255. 0.0, and /24 is 255.255.

## What does 24 mean in IP address?

The number after the slash represents the number of consecutive 1’s in the subnet mask. For example, 192.168.10.0/24 is equal to the network 192.168.10.0 with a 255.255.255.0 subnet mask. If you convert 255.255.255.0 to binary, you end up with 24 consecutive 1 ‘s: 11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000.

## How do I subnet an IP?

255.248 or /29.STEP 1: Convert to Binary.STEP 2: Calculate the Subnet Address. To calculate the IP Address Subnet you need to perform a bit-wise AND operation (1+1=1, 1+0 or 0+1 =0, 0+0=0) on the host IP address and subnet mask. … STEP 3: Find Host Range. … STEP 4: Calculate the Total Number of Subnets and Hosts Per Subnet.

## What does IP address 192.168 1.15 29 mean?

According to the question, the given IP address falls under the category of the class C network mask (192 to 223). Again, /29 subnet mask indicates that the network address can be divided into 8 subnets. Thus, it represents the broadcast address.

## Why subnetting is done?

The main purpose of subnetting is to help relieve network congestion. Congestion used to be a bigger problem than it is today because it was more common for networks to use hubs than switches. When nodes on a network are connected through a hub, the entire network acts as a single collision domain.

## What is a 29 subnet?

/29 — 32 Subnets — 6 Hosts/Subnet. Network #